- The HAPMAN Difference
- Equipment & Systems
- Industries Served
- Common Challenges
Tubular Drag Conveyor - Versatility Meets Durability
Not all drag conveyors are created equal. When your conveying needs are longer distances, unique layout configurations, over multiple levels, requiring numerous inlet and discharge points, with durability for handling abrasive material, or gentle handling for friable material, you need our Tubular Drag Conveyor.
Henry Hapman invented the Tubular Drag Conveyor in 1945 in Detroit, Michigan. The concept for the totally enclosed, multi-plane conveyor came from his industrial manufacturing experience as a mechanical engineer. He recognized the need for a conveyor that could effectively move material from point to point when the distance between the two was not a clear path. Mr. Hapman knew as World War II was ending the focus of industrial manufacturing would shift from government to consumer. He saw the Tubular Drag Conveyor as the way to effectively move material the distance of a plant, providing inlet stations and discharge points where needed. The vision of Henry Hapman forever changed the manner in which dry material is moved in industrial production facilities. Over the years, others have attempted to copy the Hapman Tubluar Drag Conveyor, but never creating a true equal. The engineering, design, and material handling experience coupled with the unyielding passion for efficient, reliable operation are the elements that make the Hapman Tubular Drag Conveyor the premium mechanical conveyor of modern manufacturing.
The fundamental operation of the Tubular Drag Conveyor is a chain with flights that pull material through a sealed pipe circuit. The conveyor is sealed to upstream and downstream equipment by a hard flange or a flexible sleeve. The layout of the conveyor allows for pipe bends and multiple inlet and discharge points. The Tubular Drag Conveyor can be routed through multiple planes and in any direction. The capacity of the conveyor is determined by the diameter of the flight and the speed at which the chain assembly can be pulled through the pipe The equipment operates as a high torque/low speed.
All of our Tubular Drag Conveyors are customized to fit your facility needs, including multiple inlet and outlet ports, 90 deg bends and more.
Custom-built systems convey your product effectively and reliably. Hapman's custom-built tubular drag systems move some of the toughest products up to hundreds of feet: hardened steel shot to bacon grease waste to fishmeal and bones to explosive materials. Paths are virtually limitless with multiple inlets and outlets. Our engineers can help you build a system based on your specific applications needs. In addition to optimum conveying, the sealed Tubular Drag Conveyor offers:
Improve product flow-when you install mechanical vibration. An offset weight and hammer system taps on the tops of flights to dislodge material.
Fully discharge material-Hapman’s exclusive, self-cleaning discharge gate is rounded to the shape of the pipe so, unlike flat gates, there is no place for your product to get trapped.
Discharge Gate for Complete Material Release.
See video below to view process.
Brush Box for Easy Cleanability. See video below to view process.
Z-Style Conveyor Design
Triangle Style Design
The chart below represents the optimum convey rate for most materials based on average capacity in cubic feet/minute and pipe size. Actual capacities vary depending on the material type, its abrasiveness and flow character.
Pipe Casing Diameter & Material Options
3 in (76 mm) to 12 in (300 mm) diameter
Chain Material Options
Tivar® H.O.T. premium UHMW polyethylene
Maximum Conveyance Distance
85 ft vertically (26 m)
400 ft horizontally (122 m)
Convey up to 50 cfm (1.416 cmm)
During your evaluation of the best type of tubular conveyor to match your material handling needs, you will discover the cable vs. chain comparison. While every application has different requirements and measurements for value, we present some of the most common differences between the two types for your review.
|Chain Conveyor||Cable Conveyor||Analysis|
|Six sizes available, ranging from 3" to 12"||Limited sizes||The wider range of size options in the tubular chain conveyor allows for a wider range in capacity options and proper sizing of the conveyor for optimum performance.|
|Flight Design||5 unique chain types and
4 different flight
|Only One||The combination and range of chain and flight options for the chain conveyor allow for optimal performance, creating the best combination against wear, temperature, and corrosion.|
|Individual flights can be replaced as needed.||Entire length of cable assembly
must be replaced.
|The Tubular Drag Chain Conveyor needs minimal maintenance and downtime to replace only flights that show wear. The cable assembly requires a major maintenance shut down and maintenance time and expense to replace the entire cable assembly.|
|Starts/Stops Under Load||Can start
under full load.
|Cannot start under load.||The high torque/low speed design of the tubular chain conveyor allows the unit to be started under full load. The design of the cable conveyor does not allow for this operating condition, meaning that the conveyor must be empty on start-up. For batch operations or operations that require intermittent filling or movement, the cable conveyor would need to be emptied prior to starting the unit again.|
|Limited Maintenance||Yes||No||Cable can fray and break, typically extra cable lengths are kept on site for emergency replacement needs. One emergency shut-down can outweigh any difference in initial capital equipment purchase price.|
|Long life||Limited life of both casing and cable assembly.||The Tubular Drag Chain Conveyor is constructed for durability and long-life. Many Tubular Drag Conveyors that have been in service for over 40 years.|
|Casing||Schedule 40 or 80 pipe||Schedule 10 tube||Less wear with the Sch 40 or Sch 80 pipe, resulting in a low maintenance, durable casing.|
|Connections||Heavy-duty welded flange||Compression coupling||The welded flanges of the chain conveyor provide support and rigidity for the pipe.|